Bursars, coming from diverse backgrounds with varying skill sets, will cover a wide range of duties in their day-to-day work and this will vary considerably from school to school. For this reason it is not possible to be prescriptive about either the ideal candidate to be a bursar, the qualifications, or the job specification but this page will provide you with some general guidance.
Bursars will always have access either to professional advice from ISBA, other professional bodies, or from colleagues in neighbouring schools. In many cases, members of a school's governing body are recruited because of their particular expertise and they too will be able to advise. ISBA's regional meetings, seminars and annual conference also provide opportunities for experiences to be shared and problems discussed.
The bursar will normally be responsible to the governing body for the conduct of the financial affairs, business management and material state of the premises and to the head for day-to-day administration but again this will vary between schools.
ISBA's most recent members' survey, conducted in February 2020, showed that 80% of bursars hold an honours degree or higher qualification; two thirds (66%) have membership of at least one professional body and nearly half (49%) are professional accountants.
In broad terms, most bursars would be expected to have responsibility for the following:
Finance and Accountancy
- Advising on general financial policy within the school.
- Preparing annual estimates of income and expenditure to include the preparation of departmental budgets within the school, the latter in consultation with the head or senior academic staff.
- Monitoring income and expenditure in relation to budget and presenting regular management reports to the governing body.
- Keeping the accounts of the school and preparing Statements of Financial Activity (SOFA) and balance sheets in accordance with the charities Statement of Recommended Practice (SORP).
- Maintaining cash flow projections for the current and future years.
- Advising on investments in consultation with the school's brokers or investment managers.
- Preparing pupils' bills and collecting all fees and extras.
- Payment of all salaries and wages, including PAYE, Superannuation and National Insurance Contributions and compliance with regulations for benefits in kind.
- Administering pension schemes for teaching and non-teaching staff.
- Scrutinising and passing for payment all invoices received in the school.
- Organising special appeals for capital projects or endowment funds.
- Keeping analyses of costs and other statistical records.
- Preparing forecasts for the future financial performance of the school; usually over a period of five years.
- Preparing financial appraisals of particular projects.
- Advising on taxation matters generally, including covenants from subsidiary companies to the parent charity and, where appropriate, ensure compliance with regulations for VAT.
- Advising on the financial implications of the charitable status of the school.
- Dealing with the school's income tax and rating assessments.
- Operation of an Advanced (Composition) Fees Scheme.
- Advising on scholarship and bursary funds and undertaking assessments of parents' income and assets prior to making bursary awards.
- Involvement in the marketing and development of the school - this role is beginning to emerge but must be balanced against other commitments and a separate appointment of development director is often made.
General Management and Administration
- Acting as clerk to the governors and secretary to various committees and trusts.
- Ensuring compliance with all relevant aspects of employment law including employment protection, equal pay, minimum wage, Working Time Directive or discrimination on the grounds of sex, race or disability.
- Acting as the head's adviser on employment matters including disciplinary procedures and ensuring that the school has appropriate disciplinary and grievance procedures.
- Ensuring that all relevant staff have contracts of employment and keeping the school's standard contracts up-to-date as new legislation takes effect.
- Managing the employment, terms and conditions of service, supervision and welfare of all non-teaching staff.
- Formulating, monitoring and implementing the school's policy to comply with the requirements of health and safety legislation. This could include acting as the health and safety assistant within the school and as chair of the health and safety committee. Carry out risk assessments where appropriate and monitor all departments to ensure that they are carrying out risk assessments. Take professional advice as required.
- Ensuring that the school has adequate insurance cover at all times to include employer's liability, buildings and equipment cover, personal accident, travel insurance and other relevant cover. Professional advice should invariably be sought.
- Purchasing, either directly or through a purchasing group, all goods and services for the school.
- Arranging for staff accommodation and dealing with the letting of property to school employees and third parties; ensuring that the appropriate leases and licenses to occupy are signed by the tenants.
- Letting of school premises to outside organisations.
- Acting as correspondent with the Department for Education (DfE) and being responsible for the records and returns required.
- Advising on and taking the appropriate physical security measures within the school for protection of both staff and pupils.
- Maintaining contact with the statutory authorities and other organisations.
- Catering which may be contracted out.
- Cleaning which may also be contracted out.
- The swimming pool and its plant, with the need to ensure that proper safety procedures are enforced, particularly for out-of-school hours and during the holidays.
- Overseeing the management of the school shop and uniform shop.
- Overseeing the management of the laundry facilities.
- Management of sports equipment and facilities.
- Minibuses and transport - compliance with the regulations for the operation of minibuses; driver training and assessments; servicing and vehicle inspectorate tests.
- Maintenance of school buildings including the preparation of maintenance schedules and keeping of records.
- Managing the installation and maintenance of equipment for the detection, warning, protection and escape from fire ensuring the necessary fire risk assessments are carried out.
- Maintenance and efficiency of the installations and plant for electric and gas supply, heating, domestic hot water, water softening etc. Letting of energy supply contracts at competitive rates, either directly or through a purchasing group. Promotion of energy conservation.
- Ensure that catering areas meet the requirements for hygiene and food safety.
- Managing the maintenance of the lighting and ventilation in all school buildings.
- Drawing up outline specifications for new buildings, obtaining tenders, planning permission, liaison with school architects and builders.
- Upkeep of playing fields, gardens, all weather surfaces, running tracks and tennis courts.
- Land drainage.
- Maintenance of boundaries, roads and rights of way.